Though I love Paris – it is a place close to my heart as I have visited a number times, worked there, briefly lived there, certainly enjoyed wine, cheese and food there – it was not the point. The point was the extent of the human tragedy. Paris followed Beirut, and was quickly followed by the attack in Bamako, Mali.
As an academic who walks students through their first year of sociology and cultural studies discussing race, violence and colonialism, and at the same time promoting tolerance, diversity and peace, my inbox was swamped with students asking me: How do we understand these events? How should we react? What can I do? What is the way forward or are we doomed to violence and a clash of civilisations.
I have been pondering these same questions and here are some thoughts.
Firstly, these are not the acts of madmen.
These are deliberate acts to undermine the very basis of contemporary society: trust. As I have written before, the famous sociologist Anthony Giddens, writes that modern societies are based on trust: we trust the mechanic to fix our car, the engineer to build a bridge that will not collapse, the pilot to fly us safely home and, most relevant here, we trust the stranger to act like a stranger. The stranger sits quietly on the train or walks past us, and we mutually agree to ignore each other.